In the series of posts about OpenStack and KVM we saw how to add a KVM node to NSX for multi-hypervisor environments as a transport node. In this post we will discuss how to perform the same procedure for an ESXi host.
NSX vSwitch installation
Before proceeding with the installation keep in mind that NSX vSwitch can run on an ESXi host simultaneously only with VMware Standard Switch, distributed switches are not supported.
Install the NSX vSwitch
vib file using
~ # esxcli software vib install --no-sig-check -v /tmp/vmware-nsxvswitch-2.1.3-35984-prod2013-stage-release.vib Installation Result Message: Operation finished successfully. Reboot Required: false VIBs Installed: VMware_bootbank_vmware-nsxvswitch_2.1.3-35984 VIBs Removed: VIBs Skipped: ~ # ~ # esxcli software vib list | grep nsx vmware-nsxvswitch 2.1.3-35984 VMware VMwareCertified 2014-07-13 ~ #
Check that the a new virtual switch has been created on the host, don’t use
esxcli but the good old
esxcfg-vswitch command because for now there is no namespace available in
esxcli for NSX vSwitch.
~ # esxcfg-vswitch -l Switch Name Num Ports Used Ports Configured Ports MTU Uplinks vSwitch0 1536 7 128 1500 vmnic0,vmnic1 PortGroup Name VLAN ID Used Ports Uplinks vMotion 0 1 vmnic0,vmnic1 Management Network 0 1 vmnic0,vmnic1 Switch Name Num Ports Used Ports Configured Ports MTU Uplinks vSwitch1 1536 6 128 1500 vmnic2,vmnic3 PortGroup Name VLAN ID Used Ports Uplinks vsan 0 1 vmnic2,vmnic3 Switch Name Num Ports Used Ports Uplinks nsx-vswitch 1536 1 ~ #
NSX vSwitch configuration
With NSX vSwitch installed proceed to the configuration. First connect an uplink to the switch, this will create an NVS bridge which is the equivalent of an OVS bridge in Open vSwitch.
nsxcli uplink/connect vmnic4
Set an IP address for the uplink, this IP address will be used later to create the transport tunneling endpoint when we connect the ESXi as a transport node to NSX. You can also specify the VLAN tag by appending
vlan=<vlan_id> as an additional parameter to the command.
nsxcli uplink/set-ip vmnic4 192.168.110.123 255.255.255.0
Validate that the bridge is correctly configured. Use
nsxcli port/show to verify the bridge and
nsxcli uplink/show for the uplink.
~ # nsxcli port/show br-int: ------- br-vmnic4: ---------- vmnic4 vmk3 ~ #
uplink/show output look for an entry like the one below.
============================== vmnic4: MAC : 00:50:56:01:08:ca Link : Up MTU : 1500 IP config : ------------------------------ VMK intf : vmk3 MAC addr : 00:50:56:6b:ca:dd Services : NSX-Tunneling VLAN : 0 IP : 192.168.110.123(Static) Mask : 255.255.255.0(Static) .............................. ------------------------------ Connection : NVS (uplink0) Configured as standalone interface ==============================
You can also check the status of the vmkernel interface with
esxcli and with
~ # esxcli network ip interface ipv4 get -i vmk3 Name IPv4 Address IPv4 Netmask IPv4 Broadcast Address Type DHCP DNS ---- --------------- ------------- --------------- ------------ -------- vmk3 192.168.110.123 255.255.255.0 192.168.110.255 STATIC false ~ # ~ # nsxcli vmknic/show vmk3 vmk3: MAC addr : 00:50:56:6b:ca:dd Services : NSX-Tunneling VLAN : 0 IP : 192.168.110.123(Static) Mask : 255.255.255.0(Static) Assoc with: vmnic4 .............................. ~ #
The next step is configure the gateway for NSX vSwitch.
~ # nsxcli gw/set tunneling 192.168.110.2 ~ # ~ # nsxcli gw/show tunneling Tunneling: Configured default gateway : 192.168.110.2 Currently active default gateway : 192.168.110.2 (Manual) ~ #
Connect NSX vSwitch instance to NSX controller cluster.
~ # nsxcli manager/set ssl:192.168.110.31 ~ # ~ # nsx-dbctl show e42912a7-693f-43ee-84d5-11b5bb3491eb Manager "ssl:192.168.110.31:6632" Bridge br-int fail_mode: secure Bridge "br-vmnic4" fail_mode: standalone Port "vmk3" Interface "vmk3" Port "vmnic4" Interface "vmnic4" ovs_version: "188.8.131.52984" ~ #
Create an opaque network. An opaque network is basically a transport bridge that will provide the network backend for the virtual machines. Opaque networks must be identified during its creation based on its type and ID.
In this particular case the ESXi will be added later to a cluster acting as nova compute backend for my OpenStack lab so the network type must be
nsx.network and the UUID have to match the configured one for the
integration_bridge setting in
nova.conf file. We also need to specify the port attach mode, for OpenStack environments is
~ # nsxcli network/add NSX-Bridge NSX-Bridge nsx.network manual success ~ # ~ # nsxcli network/show UUID Name Type Mode ---- ---- ---- ---- NSX-Bridge NSX-Bridge nsx.network manual ~ #
Add ESXi as transport node
The final part of the procedure is to add our new ESXi server as transport node to NSX. Log into NSX Manager web UI and initiate the wizard to add a new Hypervisor. First specify the name of the new hypervisor.
Set the integration bridge.
Select Security Certificate as credential type and paste the NSX vSwitch SSL certificate. The certificate can be retrieved from
Add an SST transport connector, using the IP address configured for the uplink.
Click Save & View and verify the new hypervisor configuration in NSX.
The setup of our new ESXi server within NSX is done. As always comments are welcomed.