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Juan Manuel Rey

Unix Geek. Sysadmin by heart turned cloud architect. Working for Microsoft.

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Since Vagrant is so tightly integrated in my personal development and learning workflow and my job basically revolves around OpenStack it was about time for me to combine both of them.

I have to admit that at first I did not see the value of using Vagrant to provision machines in OpenStack. OpenStack already provides me with a very powerful command line and web interface, cloud-init to customize the machines and with Heat I can provision complex environments with ease. However after playing a bit with it I can see real value on combining both technologies for testing and learning purposes.

Anatomy of the Vagrantfile for OpenStack

Besides of the common options for any Vagrantfile there is a set of minimum options for the OpenStack provider as described in the provider Github repository.

  • os.openstack_auth_url - Keystone authentication URL.
  • os.tenant_name - The tenant where we will provision our instance.
  • os.username and os.password - The credentials for the above tenant.
  • os.flavor and os.image - Defining the flavor and base image for the instance.
  • os.floating_ip_pool - The IP pool for Nova assign the ip pool from in order to allow SSH to the instance.

There are other options that are mandatory if you ask me, like os.keypair_name and config.ssh.private_key_path that define the SSH key pair to be injected to the instance or os.networks which defines the tenant network to connect the instance to.

Below is the Vagrantfile I have used for my test in my lab Red Hat OpenStack installation.

require 'vagrant-openstack-provider'

Vagrant.configure("2") do |config|
  config.ssh.username = "fedora"
  config.ssh.private_key_path = "~/.ssh/id_rsa"

  config.vm.provider "openstack" do |os|
    os.openstack_auth_url = ""
    os.username = "labadmin"
    os.password = "redhat123"
    os.tenant_name = "starlabs"
    os.server_name = "vagrant-instance"
    os.flavor = "m1.small"
    os.image = "fedora-24"
    os.floating_ip_pool = "public"
    os.networks = "labnet01"
    os.keypair_name = "starlabs"
    os.security_groups = ["default","core_services"]

Provision your first instance

With our Vagrantfile ready, kicking off a new instance follows the same logic as always with a simple vagrant up --provider openstack.

└─▪ vagrant up --provider openstack
Bringing machine 'default' up with 'openstack' provider...
==> default: Finding flavor for server...
==> default: Finding image for server...
==> default: Finding network(s) for server...
==> default: Launching a server with the following settings...
==> default:  -- Tenant          : starlabs
==> default:  -- Name            : vagrant-instance
==> default:  -- Flavor          : m1.small
==> default:  -- FlavorRef       : 2
==> default:  -- Image           : fedora-24
==> default:  -- ImageRef        : f6a54d5b-fcbc-4d76-b851-b7bee477bbc3
==> default:  -- KeyPair         : starlabs
==> default:  -- Network         : 601a692c-9eb5-467d-8bb2-ef51e2b79419
==> default: Waiting for the server to be built...
==> default: Using floating IP
==> default: Waiting for machine to boot. This may take a few minutes...
    default: SSH address:
    default: SSH username: fedora
    default: SSH auth method: private key
    default: Warning: Connection refused. Retrying...
==> default: Machine booted and ready!
==> default: Rsyncing folder: /Users/jrey/workspace/vagrant-vms/osp-vagrant/ => /vagrant
└─▪ vagrant ssh
[fedora@vagrant-instance ~]$
[fedora@vagrant-instance ~]$ ifconfig
eth0: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST>  mtu 1400
        inet  netmask  broadcast
        inet6 fe80::f816:3eff:fe2f:fc60  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether fa:16:3e:2f:fc:60  txqueuelen 1000  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 538  bytes 66790 (65.2 KiB)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 458  bytes 55262 (53.9 KiB)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

lo: flags=73<UP,LOOPBACK,RUNNING>  mtu 65536
        inet  netmask
        inet6 ::1  prefixlen 128  scopeid 0x10<host>
        loop  txqueuelen 1  (Local Loopback)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

[fedora@vagrant-instance ~]$

I am planning on investigating more in deep this provider so you can expect more articles around this in the future. Also I have created a new Github repo with the above Vagrantfile and will upload more samples from my day to day tests.

Courteous comments are welcome as always.

– Juanma